The “Safe Importation Action Plan” posits two pathways. Under the first, states, wholesalers, or pharmacists could submit plans for demonstration projects for HHS to review outlining how they would import Health-Canada approved drugs that are in compliance with section 505 of the FD&C Act. The importation would occur in a manner that adequately assures the drug is what it purports to be and that meets the cost requirements of the rulemaking. The demonstration projects would be time-limited and require regular reporting to ensure safety and cost conditions are being met. Controlled substances, biological products, infused drugs, intravenously injected drugs, drugs inhaled during surgery, and certain parenteral drugs would be excluded from this pathway. (Yes, that means no Canadian insulin.)
The NPRM would explain the requirement for demonstrating that drugs imported under this pathway must result in a significant reduction in the cost of covered drug products to the American consumer. As such, the NPRM would seek feedback on the best way to identify the expected acquisition cost of the imported drug, the cost of assuring the drug is safely imported, and the mechanism for delivering those savings to the consumer (as opposed to the savings being absorbed by the supply chain). That’s a tough assignment. Will such a plan lower co-pays for a single patient with health insurance?
Pathway 2 would allow manufacturers of FDA-approved drug products to import versions of these FDA-approved drugs that they sell in foreign countries into the US. To use this pathway, the manufacturer or person authorized by the manufacturer would need to establish with FDA that the foreign version is the same as the U.S. version (such as through manufacturing records). If this condition is met, FDA would allow the drug to be labeled for sale in the US (potentially with labeling that identifies the product as originally manufactured for sale abroad) and imported pursuant to section 801(d) of the FD&C Act under the existing approval for the US approved version.
What’s missing from the Administration’s action plan is a bilateral meeting to discuss drug importation from Canada – with the Canadian government. “Canada does not support actions that could adversely affect the supply of prescription drugs in Canada and potentially raise costs of prescription drugs for Canadians,” reads an April briefing for Canadian officials obtained under freedom of information laws. No plan can ever be taken seriously without this essential cross-border conversation.
Pathways 1 and 2 will both be driven by a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“NPRM”). It’s a detailed and lengthy process –precisely the opposite of loose political rhetoric. It’s about time we get serious and base our future discussions about drug importation on facts rather than fiction.